The Revolution•Spirit section includes two topics, one on Revolutionary Martyrs and the other on Yan'an Luyi.
In the Revolutionary Martyrs part, the curatorial team has brought together portraits representing martyrs from the revolutionary period. Most of these martyrs were in their twenties or thirties when they died, all young people, but brave enough to give their precious lives for the revolution. Among these martyrs, Zhang Tailei, Yun Daiying, Deng Zhongxia, Fang Zhimin, Zhao Yiman, Xiang Jingyu, Yang Kaihui, Peng Pai and Zuo Quan left us with words to cheer us up. "The enemy can only cut off our heads but never shake our faith!" Fang Zhimin said. "A man who can die for the interests of the majority of the Chinese people, for the interests of the hardworking broad masses of people, though he dies, yet shall he live, weightier than Mount Tai," Deng Zhongxia said. "One must endure temporary suffering to achieve permanent happiness," Zhang Tailei said. "I sacrificed all my happiness to fight for my cause," General Zuo Quan said. And Xiang Jingyu said, "All people should cherish their lives, but when they cannot, they can only sacrifice themselves bravely."
Revolutionary Martyrs Fang Zhimin, Gu Yuan, 1961, 21.5×16cm, monochrome woodcut, in the collection of the CAFA Art Museum
Martyrs Zhang Tailei, Dai Shihe, 2020, 50×40cm, oil on canvas, private collection
Portrait of Zuo Quan, Luo Gongliu, 1942, 16.5×13.5cm, monochrome woodcut, in the collection of the CAFA Art Museum
Bust of Xiang Jingyu, Wang Henei, 1979, 39×69×78cm, plaster, in the collection of the CAFA Art Museum
They were conscious of the dangers of the revolutionary cause and the guilt they felt towards their families. In a letter to her son in infancy, Zhao Yiman said, "It is a pity that as a mother, I have failed in my responsibility to educate you." But they were still determined to sacrifice themselves in pursuit of national happiness. This "powerful spirit of revolution and death-defying" has made the Chinese Communist Party " prosperous after a century, thrive after trials and tribulations."
Zhao Yiman, Li Hongren, 1981, 52×34cm, Lithograph, in the collection of the CAFA Art Museum
In the Yan'an Luyi (Lu Xun Academy of Art and Literature) topic, the exhibition presents the art and revolution of Yan'an Luyi, the predecessor of the CAFA, through representative artworks. Among them are classic sculptures, paintings and photographs on the subject of Lu Xun by Zhang Dehua, Sun Jiabo, Sha Fei and Ma Xiaoteng, as well as more than ten classic works of modern woodcuts advocated by Lu Xun. There are also works reflecting the life and creation of Yan'an Luyi, such as Chen Shudong's One Day at the Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts, Gao Hong's Chairman Mao Come to Luyi Watching me Painting Pagoda Hill, a new work created by teachers and students of the Printmaking Department, Luyi Woodcut Working Group, Sheng Yang's Educator Xu Teli, and Wang Shikuo's Reforming Idlers. In Yan'an, teachers and students with carving knives in one hand and guns in the other, joined the national liberation movement, left many classics in the history of Chinese art, and the spirit of Yan'an Luyi is a precious treasure of the CAFA.
Portrait of Lu Xun, Zhang Dehua, 1978, 50cm, cast bronze
Lu Xun and Young Woodcut Artists，from left：Lu Xun, Huang Xinbo, Cao Bai, Bai Wei (Wu Bo), Chen Yanqiao, October 8, 1936, Sha Fei, 1937, 42×61cm, giclée print, in the collection of the CAFA Art Museum
One Day at the Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts, Chen Shudong, 2017, 90×230cm, oil on canvas, in the collection of the CAFA Art Museum
Chairman Mao Come to Luyi Watching me Painting Pagoda Hill, Gao Hong, 2021, 110×140cm, oil on canvas
Luyi Woodcut Working Group, Kong Liang, Wu Jiang, Li Jun, Lu Biao, Xu Yimiao, Li Jinyi, Huang Siying, Hou Yu, Wu Aminbuhe, 2021, 120.3×154.2cm, monochrome woodcut
Educator Xu Teli, Sheng Yang, 1988, 75×70×100cm, cast bronze, in the collection of the CAFA Art Museum
Reforming Idlers, Wang Shikuo, 1947, 17×26cm, woodblock print, in the collection of the CAFA Art Museum
Translator: Tian Li